At East Morton CE Primary School, we are committed to ensuring that our learners become skilled and confident readers who know and use a range of effective reading skills, which allow them to tackle challenging texts whilst ensuring that they gain a good understanding of what has been read.
We follow the ‘Reciprocal Reading’ strategy to whole class reading. We use four reading skills, these are:
Phonics at East Morton Primary School
To support the teaching of phonics across school, all teachers and class-based staff have annual phonics training. New to school staff, who work within KS1, have the appropriate phonics training on arrival in their new role.
Reception and Year 1
Systematic synthetic phonics is taught using the Letters and Sounds programme throughout Reception and Year 1. This is used to ensure the pupils are taught new phonemes in a particular order using the four-part lesson format: revise, teach, practise and apply. Whole-class teaching takes place on a daily basis in Reception and four times a week in KS1.
A new phoneme is taught daily using flashcards and some interactive resources. Lessons are kept fast-paced and usually last between 20- 30 minutes: this is to ensure that all pupils are fully engaged and enjoying their phonics learning. We integrate this into many areas of the curriculum, referring back to sounds and strategies wherever possible.
Children who are falling behind are quickly identified and strategies put in place to ensure they catch up.
Phase 2 phonics teaching starts as soon as the pupils start full-time in Reception. Phase 2 introduces 24 phonemes and we teach 4 a week. During this phase, we begin oral blending and segmenting before moving on to blending and segmenting with letters. Phase 1 is also revisited in the first two weeks of Reception, both in the phonics lessons and in provision areas.
We then move on to teaching Phase 3 which introduces more new sounds, most of which are digraphs and trigraphs. By the end of Phase 3, the pupils will know one way of writing down each of the 44 phonemes.
Once the pupils are secure in applying Phase 3 sounds, we begin teaching Phase 4. This continues to consolidate Phase 3 phonemes and teaches the pupils how to read and spell words with longer word structures e.g. CCVC, CVCC & CCCVC.
In Year 1, pupils continue their phonics learning as soon as they arrive, usually recapping the Phase 3 digraphs and trigraphs. Phase 5 phonics will be covered by the end of the Spring term to ensure they have consolidation time before the screening check in June.
Formative assessment takes place during all phonics lessons, quickly identifying who has and has not picked up a new sound, informing future planning. Knowledge of each sound is checked, as well as the child being able to apply this when reading words. Summative assessment takes place at the end of a phase and in Summer 2 in Reception and phonics screening practice tests occur at the end of each half term in Year 1. The results of these are inputted into EAZMAG and are discussed at Pupil Progress meetings.
Systematic synthetic phonics continues to be taught using the Letters and Sounds programme. The first part of Year 2 is spent revisiting Phase 5. We then move on to Phase 6 and learning prefixes and suffixes. Children are also taught to explore and develop spelling patterns based on their understanding of the root of a word.
Reading at home support
The following document, by the Education Endowment Foundation, contains some useful tips for supporting your child with reading at home.
‘The School Reading List‘ provide a list of recommended books for each year group. Please follow the links below for age-appropriate suggestions for your child:
Useful websites to support reading:
Book Trust: https://www.booktrust.org.uk/books-and-reading/
Suggested books for children, advice on how to read with your child, book lists, fun games, competitions to win free books, Children’s Book Club etc.
Oxford Owl: https://home.oxfordowl.co.uk/
Phonics advice and access to free E-Books. Free to register.
Publisher’s website designed to give parents help and advice for reading with children.
Phonics Play: https://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/
A useful website featuring free resources for KS1.